There are a number of potential factors that lead to seizures in pugs. The majority of these factors are prevalent in dogs of all breeds. These often include epilepsy or toxic chemical exposure. Nevertheless, there is one specific cause that can trigger this health condition in a pug, namely pug dog encephalitis or also known as PDE.
Causes of Seizures
PDE is a brain inflammation that affects approximately 1.2% of the population of pugs. There have not been many studies about this health condition that usually affects pugs between the age of two and three. The cause of this disease is more genetic, and fortunately, a genetic test is available for PDE. The test is specifically intended for a pug breeder in order to prevent dog owners from pairing their pugs that might produce pooches with PDE.
Symptoms and Diagnosis
The diagnosis of dog seizures in pugs is especially difficult as the symptoms of this disease often represent bacterial meningitis, epilepsy, poisoning, or tumor effects. However, suppose you notice your pug has a seizure. In that case, it’s highly advised to immediately take your furry companion to a vet so that they can run a test to identify the primary cause of dog seizure. There are also a few behavioral changes that indicate a dog will get a seizure. A pug grinding its head against your stuff or pacing in circles for a considerable amount of time are two of the most noticeable signs that your dog will likely suffer a seizure. He might also seem to be a bit aggressive or irritable.
Seizures in pugs are classified into two different progressions: rapid and slow. The slow pug dog encephalitis will usually last for seconds to several minutes, and then the pug will immediately return to its normal behavior. Meanwhile, the rapid seizure has a more intense attack. The pug usually does not resume its typical behavior during the seizures. Also, there is a possibility the dog will show signs of disorientation, inability to normally walk, symptoms of depression, and confusion.
Treatment of PDE
During the initial stages of PDE, some dog parents usually use a specific type of medicine to treat their pugs’ health condition. Anti-inflammatory medicines can help reduce dogs’ brain inflammation and administrate some anticonvulsants drugs to your dog can help in treating the seizures. While both medications are easily accessible and commonly used by vets to treat seizures in pugs, it would be better to immediately take your dog to a vet once you notice this condition’s symptoms.